Last Updated on 5 February 2023, 1:38 PM IST: In this blog, we will learn about the birth, life accounts, teachings & Miracles of the great Indian mystic sage and poet Guru Ravidas along with the History, the significance of Ravidas Jayanti on the occasion of Guru Ravidas Jayanti 2023.
Why Is Guru Ravidas Jayanti Celebrated?
Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of mystic poet saint Guru Ravidas. He was born in village Seer Goverdhanpur presently in Uttar Pradesh to parents Mata Kalsan and Santokh Das in 1450 CE. His parents were cobblers and belonged to the “Chamar Community” and were considered untouchables then.
How Is Ravidas Jayanti Celebrated?
Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated on a full moon day of the month of Magh which falls in January-February according to the Gregorian calendar. This year Ravidas Jayanti falls on February 5, 2023. On this day, the followers of Ravidas (often called Ravidassias) read the poetic writings of Ravidas and carry out Nagar Keertan processions.
His birth anniversary is celebrated by his followers all over the world with great enthusiasm and devotion. A major celebration event is held every year at Shri Guru Ravidas Janam Asthan Mandir —his birthplace in Uttar Pradesh.
History of Sant Ravidas Ji
Ravidas, who was born in a cobbler family, took up the family profession to make a living but was spiritually inclined. Majority of his time was spent in listening to spiritual discourses of saints at banks of river Ganges. Being constantly in the company of saints, he too started writing mystic poems. His literary work is included in Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji of Sikhs and Panchvani of Dadu Panthis. 41 of his mystic poems are included in the Sacred Book-Shri Guru Granth Sahib ji of the Sikh community.
Who Was the Guru of Saint Ravidas?
Initially, Sant Ravidas took Naam Diksha (initiation) from Ramanand who was a follower of Supreme Almighty Kabir Saheb Ji. Being spiritually inclined, sage Ravidas got deeply engrossed in the way of worship given by Ramanand. Later on God Kabir Saheb gave him initiation and enlightened him about the existence of the True Almighty and the correct way of worship to be adopted to attain Him.
Guru Ravidas Jayanti 2023: Teachings of Saint Ravidas
Since Saint Ravidas was a disciple of Almighty Kabir Saheb, his teachings too focused on the same. Just like Guru Nanak Sahib, he too propagated about true Almighty, how can a soul unite with Him, what way of worship to be adhered to for unite with Almighty, what is the meaning of the word “salvation”, who can grant salvation and who can attain it?
Saint Ravidas Was the Guru Of?
After Kabir Saheb Ji, Saint Ravidas is another Saint Poet who played a crucial role in the Bhakti Movement during the 15th and 16th centuries. Saint Ravidas Ji gave initiation to many pious souls however after coming into the refuge of Almighty God Kabir Saheb Ji, Saint Ravidas was not authorized to give initiation to anyone (as a part of Guru-Shishya Maryada disciples aren’t allowed to give initiation to anyone). Only at special occasions, Saint Ravidas gave initiation on the orders of Kabir Saheb Ji.
How Did Saint Ravidas Give Naam Diksha (Initiation) to Meera Bai?
People are aware that Saint Ravidas had initiated Meerabai but most of them are unaware about the true incident behind it. Once while going to the temple Meerabai heard Kabir Saheb delivering a spiritual sermon in which He mentioned that Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are mortals and are in the cycle of birth and death, there is a superior power beyond these gods and only He is capable of granting salvation.
■ Also Read: मीरा बाई (Meera Bai) ने श्री कृष्ण जी की भक्ति करनी क्यों छोड़ी और किस भक्ति से वे मूर्ति में समाई?
Upon hearing this, Meerabai went to meet Kabir Saheb and she questioned why He called Vishnu a mortal. She informed Him that she meets Shri Krishna in person. Almighty Kabir Saheb told her that since she can talk to Shri Krishna personally, she should ask him about her confusion. That night she spoke to Shri Krishna and during her conversation he confessed that all three gods are mortal and there is a superior power about whom they are unaware.
Sage Ravidas Give Naam Diksha (Initiation) to Meera Bai
The next morning Meerabai went to meet Almighty Kabir Saheb instead of going to the temple. She informed Him that Shri Krishna confessed that he is mortal not Supreme Almighty. She asked Kabir Saheb to give her initiation. To test her devotion Kabir Saheb asked her to take initiation from Saint Ravidas who belonged to the Chamar community because practice of untouchability was at its peak during that era.
■ Also Read: Guru Ravidas Jayanti: Date, Birth Anniversary, Story, Quotes
When Meerabai went to meet Saint Ravidas he advised her that she should think about her decision of making him her guru as he was untouchable. But Meerabai insisted that she doesn’t care about his caste and is seeking her welfare. Saint Ravidas informed Almighty Kabir Saheb about this. He asked Saint Ravidas to initiate her. This is how Meerabai became one of his disciples.
Miracles by Saint Ravidas and Why They Happened?
Miracles by saints happen due to their spiritual powers is something we all are familiar with. However, there are two instances which are widely spoken about and many-a-times even rejected by our religious preachers due to their ignorance about Supreme Almighty Kabir Saheb. Let us take a look at both of those accounts.
Guru Ravidas Jayanti 2023: Saint Ravidas Taking a Queen in His Refuge
Once a few people from Saint Ravidas’s village were going to take a bath in the Holy Ganges. They asked Saint Ravidas to join them. Sage Ravidas said he couldn’t join them but asked them to offer one coin to goddess Ganga on his behalf only if she takes it personally, else bring it back. Those people made fun of his condition but took the coin. When they reached the bank of river Ganga, they asked goddess Ganga (Controller of River Ganga) to come and take Sage Ravidas’s coin personally. Immediately two hands appeared from the river.
One was empty and the other hand was holding a gold bangle. One of those people offered the coin and in exchange of that coin goddess Ganga offered him the gold bangle and asked him to give it to Sage Ravidas. After getting the gold bangle, this person became greedy and thought what would a sage like Ravidas do with this bangle? Instead, I will give it to the queen and get some reward for it. When he took the bangle to the queen, the queen insisted on having a pair of those bangles since the bangle was very beautiful. Since it was a present from goddess Ganga, he failed to get the second bangle. The king got agitated and threatened him with his life.
Saint Ravidas Taking a Queen in His Refuge
This scared him to a great extent and compelled him to visit sage Ravidas and narrate the entire story. Sage Ravidas said that he can take a bangle from the vessel he used to keep his thread and leather in water for shoe making. Even though the feeling was gross enough, he immersed his hand in that vessel. He realised that there were many such bangles in that vessel.
■ Read in Hindi: Sant Ravidas Jayanti [Hindi]: संत रविदास जयंती पर जानिए कौन थे वास्तविक संत रविदास जी के गुरु?
Sage Ravidas told him to take just one out of those and get his problem solved. He took the Bangle and gave it to the queen. He then narrated the entire incident to both the king and queen which made the Queen very much impressed with sage Ravidas and she made him her guru.
Saint Ravidas Taking 700 Brahmins in His Refuge
Once the Queen hosted a community meal for all the Brahmins in her area. In this arrangement she made a special seat for her guru sage Ravidas. When approximately 700 Brahmins were having their meal they realised that even sage Ravidas was sitting amongst them and having a meal. Since sage Ravidas belonged to the untouchable caste, all the Brahmins became very offended and were about to leave when sage Ravidas said that he would sit outside the tent while they could have their meals comfortably without his presence being noticed.
They all agreed to this. While eating they realised that sage Ravidas was sharing a plate with every Brahmin present there. This led to chaos. To calm down the situation sage Ravidas said that by just wearing a janeau (sacred thread) you don’t become Brahmins. If that’s the case then I have a gold janeau under my skin. He made a small incision in his chest and revealed a gold janeau. All the 700 Brahmins became his disciples. Sage Ravidas worshiped the true Almighty (Kabir Sahib) who always stood by his side during times of trials and these miracles happened.
Who Is Imparting True Worship?
Today, there is only one saint on earth who is imparting true worship in accordance with our holy scriptures and His name is Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj from Barwala-Hisar, Haryana, India. He is the only sage who fits the description of an enlightened sage provided in Srimad Bhagavad Gita chapter 15 verses 1-4. To Attain True Worship and know how to attain true Almighty, kindly listen to the Spiritual discourses by Sant Rampal ji Maharaj .
To take initiation from Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj please click here to fill the initiation form. One Can download the Book Gyan Ganga for more information.
Saint Ravidas Ji has predicted that a great Avtari Saint will take birth in India who will make India “Golden Bird” again. The predictions also say that India will become Vishwa Guru under the guidance of a World Victorious Saint. This prediction is about Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj Ji who is working day and night to bring the Golden Era (Satyug in Kalyug).
FAQs about Guru Ravidas Jayanti
And:- Saint Ravidas Ji was a great saint, poet and follower of Kabir Sahib Ji.
Ans:- Saint Ravidas Ji is said to be born in 1377 C.E in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh according to some sources.
Ans:- According to some sources Saint Ravidas Ji is said to have died in 1540 near Varanasi.
Ans:- Saint Ravidas Ji took initiation from Supreme Power Kabir Sahib Ji.