Muharram 2020: It’s believed that Muharram is a month to end all mourning and sufferings. Muharram also marks the migration of Prophet Muhammed from Mecca to Medina. Read on to know about Islamic New Year, date of 2020, meaning, Ashura, mourning (matham), Hijrah, fast (Roza), sawm, Namaz, ritual, verses from holy Quran, Allah, Prophet, Battle of Karbala and its significance.
Muharram is one of the most sacred months of the Islamic calendar. On the day of Muharram, Shia Muslims mourn the loss of Imam Hussain and recall the pain and sufferings that he has gone through. And, they teach their young ones about their great leader who was killed.
Things to know about Muharram 2020
- Muslims observe their New Year on the first day of Muharram (meaning prohibited or barred).
- The second holiest month after Ramadan (a period of fasting called Sawm). This day is also known as Al Hijri or the Islamic New Year.
- People recite verses from the Holy Quran and offer their prayers.
- Some people keep a fast on Ashura, the tenth day of Muharram and they mourn the death of Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of Prophet Muhammed.
- This is the month when Muslims are prohibited from taking part in warfare.
- Both Shia and Sunni sects treat Muharram month differently.
- Public mournings take place and followers chant “Ya Hussain” or “Ya Ali”.
- They shed blood as a mark of respect. This ritual is known as Tatbir or Qama Zani.
- Shias believe that taking part in such mourning rituals washes away sins. This practice is also known as matham.
Significance of Muharram & Why it is being observed?
Muharram marks the start of the Islamic year. It is celebrated as New Year’s Day among the entire Muslim religion. This year, it started from Thursday, 21 August 2020, and will end on 30th August. In fact, Muharram is considered the second holiest month after Ramadan. The tenth day of Muharram is known as Ashura.
Muharram 2020: This day is widely honored by Shia Muslims across the world. As part of mourning of Muharram, Shia Muslims do partial fasting whereas Sunni Muslims keep fasting on Ashura. It is believed that during this time Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina, which is known as Hijrah.
Muharram 2020: What is the Story behind Muharram?
Muharram 2020: Muharram is celebrated in remembrance of the martyrdom of Hussain Ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who became a martyr at the Battle of Karbala on the tenth day of Muharram. He was believed to be the third Imam of the Shia community.
- Hussain Ibn Ali was the ruler of the part of the empire known today as Iran. The other part in modern Iraq was ruled by the Umayyads.
- Hussain was called upon by the Shias of Kufa, a small town in the Umayyad kingdom, to accept their allegiance and claim his place as the leader of the Islamic community.
- This was against the wishes of the ruler of Kufa, Yazid, who instructed his governor, Ibn-e-Ziad to take appropriate action. Meanwhile, in response to the call of the Shias, Hussain accompanied by his family members, headed for Kufa.
- When they reached Karbala, en route to Kufa, the forces of the governor surrounded them and their 72 men.
- Hussain, his family, and his troops were tortured and killed, and Hussain’s head was severed and presented to the king.
Muharram 2020: What do Muslims do in Muharram?
Due to the tragic killing of Hussain Ibn Ali, this day marks great importance in the Islamic religion. Both Muslim sects have a different perception of Muharram. Shia Muslims consider it as a day of sorrow while Suni Muslims celebrate it as a festival and look at Ashura as a happy day.
Muharram 2020: Shia Muslims memorialize the martyrdom of Hussain as a religious and pious occasion. It lasts for 10 days, starts on the 1st day of Muharram and lasts for 10 days until the 10th day of Muharram. They wear black clothes as black colour is a symbol of mourning. Entire nine days of Muharram, “Majalis” are held where Shia orators depict the incident of the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain Ibn Ali and his soldiers.
- Suni Muslims keep fast (Roza) as per the instructions given by Prophet Muhammad.
- According to Hadith, Prophet Muhammad saw Jews fasting on the 10th day of Muharram to celebrate the liberation from Egyptian slavery.
- With the firm belief that it was Allah who saved the Israelites from their enemy in Egypt, Prophet Muhammad liked the idea of fasting and started keeping fast on the same day.
- Sunni Muslims are recommended to fast either on the 9th and 10th of Muharram or on the 10th and 11th day of Muharram.
Muharram 2020: Facts about Muharram
- Muslim devotees parade on the streets holding banners and carrying models of the mausoleum of Hazrat Imam Hussain and his people, who fell at Karbala. A white horse is beautifully decorated and included in the procession. It serves to bring back the memory of the empty mount of Hazrat Imam Husain Ibn Ali after his martyrdom.
- Some of the Shia sects often practice chest-beating, which is referred to as latmya, beating themselves with chains in public, cutting themselves with knives and sharp objects. Sunni Muslims consider Ashura as a day of respect for the Prophet Moses but do not take part in this ritual.
(Latmya: Expression of grief with thumping of the chest by Shia Muslims is known as Latmya, Latmaya or latmia in Arabic-Persian countries)
- Muslims refrain themselves from celebrating joyous events so that they are not distracted while remembering the sorrowful time.
- As a part of the ongoing custom, Muslims also read Ziarat Ashura – the book containing salutations to the martyrs of Karbala, on the Day of Ashura.
- Muslims celebrate the new year by visiting the mosque, praying to Allah for their well-being and by spending time with their family and relatives.
Sadly, all above-mentioned practices like observing Muharram, mourning, celebrating, latmia, bloodshed etc followed by Muslims, are nowhere written in Quran Sharif. Bloodshed and slaughtering were also not instructed by Prophet Muhammad. Even he asked people to worship one God and taught to be merciful and kind.
Allah Kabir in Holy Fazal-E-Amal
Fazal-E-Zikr, Aayat 1, mentioned Allah is Kabir. He is the (Puran Parmatma) Almighty Kabir. He is a complete God.
‘Wallat Kabir Bullah Aala Maha dakoobwala Allah kumdar guru’
You glorify the Almighty Kabir Allah. He should give the instructions so that you thank Allahtala. That Kabir Allahtala is Omnipotent. That Kabir is Royal. Kabir saves from sins.
From above-mentioned Aayats of Quran Sharif, it is proved that God/ Allah is none other than Kabir. This proves that the knowledge giver of Quran Sharif is not the complete GOD, is not AllahTala whom whole Muslim community worships, assuming him to be their Allah.
Who is the giver of the knowledge of Quran Sharif?
Reference: Biography of Hazrat Mohammad Salalahu Alesee Vassallam, Mohammad Inayatullah Subhani, translated by Naseem Ghazi Palani, Markazee Maktaba, Islami Publishers, D-307, Dawat Nagar, Abdul Fazal Enclave, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, printed by H.S. Offset prints, New Delhi-2. A detailed description is mentioned on page no. 59
Brahm, the Lord (Swami) of these twenty-one universes (Brahamands) (where all souls are trapped) is also called ‘Kshar Purush / Kaal’. This Kaal had only given the knowledge of all four Vedas, Gita, Quran Sharif and Bible by force.
This ‘Kaal Brahm’ gave the knowledge of ‘Quran Sharif / Quran Majid’ through Jibreel Angel to Hazrat Mohammad Ji by force. All Muslim brothers believe whatever knowledge the narrator of Quran Shariff gave (whom they consider as their Allah) he gave it as it is, without any mistake through an Angel to Hazrat Mohammad. Be it announcement or directly or they were fed telegraphically. As a result, the whole Muslim community believes that the narrator of Quran Sharif is Allahu Akbar and worships him.
This ‘Kaal’ only gave the knowledge of the Holy Bible- Taurat, Injeel and Zabur. On Dawood the heavenly book Zabur was descended, On Musa Ji, the heavenly book Taurat was descended and on Isa Ji the heavenly book Injeel was descended by this Kaal Brahm through an ether announcement. Bible is the collection of these three Holy books Zaboor, Tawrat, and Injil. It means all these are bound.
Supreme God (Allah) in Quran Sharif
- In Quran Sharif 25:58, the narrator is giving information about Supreme God, Allahu Kabir who is immortal, worthy of being worshipped and also ask us to sing the glory of lord Kabir.
- In Quran Sharif 25:59, it is clearly mentioned that Allah is no other than Lord Kabir/ kabiran / khabira. He is the one who created the universes and all that is between the earth and the sky in six days and sat on his throne in Satlok on the seventh day.
- There are pieces of evidence at various places in the Quran sharif which proves that God is Kabir. Kabir AllahTala, the Powerful God. He is the one who can destroy our sins and miseries.
Know about the Bakhabar mentioned in Quran.
- The knowledge giver of Quran Sharif has asked to go in the refuge of Bakhabar or Illamwala and seek the information about the Supreme God and how can he be attained.
- It is mentioned in Quran Sharif- Surat Al Furqan 25:59 to search for Bakhabar who is fully aware of the creation of the Universe and has complete knowledge of holy scriptures.
- Also, Holy Quran Surah 42, Aayat 1, has stated code words “Ayn, Seen, Qaf to attain Allah. These code words are similar to “OM Tat Sat” mantra mentioned in Holy Gita Ji in the Hindu religion. Both holy books talk about going in the shelter of a true enlightened saint, bow unto him and he will reveal the secret of these coded mantras.
Who is Bakhabar (Illamwala) Saint?
At present, Sant Rampal Ji is the enlightened Saint. He is the only one Complete Spiritual Leader in the entire universe who is giving the true spiritual knowledge. He is giving the correct way of worship of Allahu Akbar /Allah Kabir /Almighty according to holy scriptures which will destroy all the sins of devotees and provide them salvation.
So, one must not waste time and should take the refuge of Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj, especially those who are in search of that Bakhabar (the known of Allah and his place ) and want to attain moksha/liberation by opting the true devotion mentioned in our scriptures. Bakhabar Saint Rampal Ji imparts the correct spiritual knowledge which helps us to know that we are all children of one God. We are not different.
How to get more information about Allah Kabir?
With each breath, we need to remember Allah and to recognise him please listen to the spiritual discourses of Saint Rampal Ji on Sadhna channel at 7:30 – 8:30 pm. He is the only Illamwala (well-acquainted) about the knowledge of Allah Kabir. To take initiation from Saint Rampal Ji Maharaj please click here to fill the initiation form. One Can download the book Gyan Ganga for more information.