Last Updated on 21 January 2023, 6:43 PM IST: Subhash Chandra Bose Birth Anniversary 2023: Subhas Chandra Bose is known for his courage, leadership skills and extraordinary oratory skills. He inspired many to join the Indian National Army and fight for India’s independence. Popularly known as Netaji, Subhas Chandra Bose formed the Azad Hind Fauj to fight the Britishers. Along with the slogan ‘You give me blood; I’ll give you freedom’, Subhas Chandra Bose gave the slogan ‘Jai Hind’. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Orissa. His birthday is celebrated as Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti. Since 2021, his birthday has also been celebrated as ‘Parakram Diwas‘.
Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday: Highlights
- The birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose is celebrated as Parakram Diwas on January 23 every year.
- On the 125th Birth Anniversary The Government of India decided to celebrate this day as Parakram Diwas from 2021.
- He was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa.
- Subhash Chandra Bose also served as congress president from 1938 to 1939.
- The Azad Hind Fauj was established to fight the Britishers.
- Subhash Chandra Bose was known for his courage, leadership skills and extraordinary oratorical skills.
Who Was Subhash Chandra Bose?
Subhash Chandra Bose is known for his courage, leadership skills and extraordinary oratory skills. He inspired many to join the Indian National Army and fought for India’s independence. Popularly known as Netaji, Subhash Chandra Bose established the Azad Hind Fauj to fight the British. Subhash Chandra Bose also served as congress president from 1938 to 1939. The slogan of Jai Hind given by him has become the national slogan of India. The slogan “You give me blood, I will give you freedom” was also his slogan which came into vogue at that time. The people of India refer to him as Netaji.
Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Family Life
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Odisha, to a Hindu Kayastha family. His father’s name was Janakinath Bose, and his mother’s name was Prabhavati. In all, there were 14 children, including 6 daughters and 8 sons. Subhash was most attached to Sharad Chandra among all his brothers.
Significance of Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti
Subhash Chandra Bose Birthday is Also Celebrated As ‘Parakram Diwas’.
In a mark of respect and remembrance of Netaji’s selfless service to the nation, the Government of India has decided to celebrate his birthday as ‘Parakram Diwas’ on 23rd January every year. The purpose behind celebrating Parakram Diwas is to inculcate a sense of patriotism in the people of the country, especially the youth, in the face of adversity like Netaji.
■ Read in Hindi: Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti: पराक्रम दिवस पर जानें सुभाष चंद्र बोस को गहराई से
Every year, the birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose is celebrated with great enthusiasm all over the country, especially in West Bengal. Parades and special programs are organized to sensitize people about Subhash Chandra Bose as he has played an important role in India’s independence.
Republic Day Celebrations Will Begin From January 23 Instead of January 24 Every Year
For the first time in history, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi unfurled the tricolor at the Red Fort in 2018, at the completion of 75 years of the Azad Hind Government. This year’s Republic Day celebrations will also include the birth anniversary of Subhash Chandra Bose i.e. now republic day celebrations will start from January 23 every year instead of January 24.
Netaji Was the Greatest Leader of India’s Freedom Struggle
- During World War II, he formed the Azad Hind Fauj in collaboration with Japan to fight against the British.
- On July 5, 1943, as the Supreme Commander in front of Singapore’s Town Hall, Netaji addressed the army with the slogan “Dilli Chalo!” and along with the Japanese army, formed a fierce front against the British and Commonwealth Forces together in Imphal and Kohima, including Burma.
- On October 21, 1943, Subhash Chandra Bose, as the Supreme Commander of the Azad Hind Fauj, formed a temporary government of independent India, recognized by the governments of 11 countries, including Germany, Japan, the Philippines, Korea, China, Italy, Manchuco and Ireland. Japan gave the Nicobar islands to this temporary government. Subhash went to those islands and renamed them.
- In 1944, the Azad Hind Fauj invaded the British again and liberated some Indian territories from the British. The Battle of Kohima was a fierce war fought from April 4, 1944 to June 22, 1944. The Japanese army had to retreat in this war and that proved to be a turning point.
- On July 6, 1944, he released a broadcast at Rangoon Radio Station seeking Mahatma Gandhi’s blessings for victory in this decisive war.
Controversy Over Netaji’s Death
There is still a controversy over Netaji’s death. While his Martyrs’ Day is celebrated with great fanfare in Japan on August 18 every year, his family members living in India still believe that Subhash did not die in 1945. On January 16, 2014 (Thursday), the Calcutta High Court ordered the constitution of a special bench to hear a PIL seeking to make public intelligence documents related to Netaji’s disappearance.
Important Things Related to the Life of Subhas Chandra Bose
- He considered Swami Vivekananda as his spiritual guru.
- He formed the Azad Hind Fauj, a military regiment built to counter the British.
- Bose had also formed a women’s battalion with the establishment of the Azad Hind Fauj, in which he formed the Rani Jhansi Regiment.
- Mahatma Gandhi was first given the title of Father of the Nation by Bose. He reportedly called Gandhiji the Father of the Nation on radio in 1944.
- Netaji had inspired millions of youths to join the freedom struggle.
- Netaji secured the second position in the matriculation examination and fourth in the Indian Civil Services (ICS) examination. He quit his ICS job and returned to India from England in 1921 to join India’s freedom struggle.
- According to the information, Netaji had said that in order to gain freedom, it is necessary to wage war against the British.
- His role during the nearly last 2 decades of the freedom struggle was that of a social revolutionary.
- Subhash Chandra Bose played a key role in the Quit India Movement, influenced by non-violence and non-cooperation movements.
- Subhash Chandra Bose was appreciated everywhere during the freedom struggle. Soon he became an important youngster’s leader.
- ‘You give me blood; I’ll give you freedom.’ This is his much talked about slogan.
- The Narendra Modi government renamed Ross Island, one of the three islands of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, as Subhash Chandra Bose Island.
How Netaji Missed the Fight for Freedom From Kaal Brahm
Netaji was spiritual since childhood and then how did he get involved in worldly activities? Whenever a human being is born, its soul always inspires him to go to God. But Kaal and Maya surround him and engage him in some other work in such a way that he forgets his real goal. Neta Ji also proved to be no exception. We need to understand the Kaal Maya trap very well.
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Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti 2023 Quotes
- “Freedom is not given – it is taken”
- “We should have but one desire today – the desire to die so that India may live – the desire to face a martyr’s death, so that the path to freedom may be paved with the martyr’s blood.”
- “It is only on the basis of undiluted nationalism and of perfect justice and impartiality that the Indian Army of Liberation can be built up.”
- “The secret of political bargaining is to look more strong than what you really are.”
- “One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.”
- “You give me blood and I will give you freedom!”
- “When we stand, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a wall of granite; when we march, the Azad Hind Fauj has to be like a steamroller.”
- “Forget not that the grossest crime is to compromise with injustice and wrong. Remember the eternal law: you must give, if you want to get.”
- “Soldiers who always remain faithful to their nation, who are always prepared to sacrifice their lives, are invincible.”
- “No real change in history has ever been achieved by discussions.”
FAQ about Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti
Ans: His birthday is celebrated by hoisting the national flag, garlanding his statue and cultural programs are organised in many schools and colleges.
Ans: Tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhe aazadi dunga. (Give me blood, I shall give you freedom)
Ans: Indian soldiers from the Indian Legion and officials of the special bureau for India in Berlin in 1942 gave him this honorary title “Netaji”
Ans: He was imprisoned 11 eleven times during 1921-1941