World Population Day 2020: UN concerned about Health, Rights of Women during COVID-19
World Population Day 2020: Today on July 11, the world community is observing the ‘World Population Day 2020’ under the umbrella of the United Nations. In the Coronavirus outbreak situation UN has come out with a theme for 2020 on “how to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls now”. The readers will know many meaningful aspects of it.
World Population Day 2020 Highlights
- On July 11, the ‘World Population Day’ is celebrated as an annual event
- Theme 2020 “how to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls now”
- World Population Day is to create awareness among the people on various population issues
- The world population is the total number of humans living in the demography
- Vatican City is the lowest population country
- China highest population country with 1.44 billion and India second with 1.38 billion
- Amid COVID-19 UNFPA critical to achieving Sustainable Development Goals
- Population growth due to people surviving to reproductive age, major changes in fertility rates, urbanization, and migration
Pushing the control on COVID-19
As per the UN, the COVID-19 crisis has taken a shocking toll on people, communities, and economies across the globe. All people in the world are affected but not equally. Women account for the largest stake of front-line health workers are excessively exposed to the coronavirus. Supply chains have interrupted impacting the availability of daily medical urgencies. As the nations are on coronavirus lockdown and health systems work hard to cope, reproductive health services are being sidelined and gender-based violence is on the rise.
Social and Economic Challenges for Females
Recent UNFPA research highlighted that the disruption of its program on the ground could result in many social and economic challenges that could have been averted.
- The women disproportionately work in insecure labor markets and are harder hit by the economic impacts of COVID-19.
- Approximately 60 percent of women worldwide go to work in the informal economy, at a larger risk of falling into poverty.
- Women’s unpaid care work has increased because of school closures and the increased needs of older people.
- The pandemic is hurting marginalized communities exceptionally hard, intensifying inequalities, and frightening
- Roughly 47 million women in 114 low- and middle-income countries are estimated to be incapable to use modern contraceptives if the average lockdown, or COVID-19-related disturbance, persists for 6 months with major disruptions to services.
- For every 3 months, the lockdown persists, presuming high levels of disorder, up to 2 million additional women may be unable to use modern contraceptives.
- If the lockdown stays for 6 months and there are major service troubles due to COVID-19, an additional 7 million unintended pregnancies are anticipated to happen.
- The number of unintended pregnancies will surge as the lockdown remains and services disturbances are prolonged.
- 31 million gender-based violence cases can be expected.
- 2 million cases of female genital mutilation can be expected
- 13 million child marriages between 2020 and 2030 can be expected.
UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) response to COVID-19 in every country is critical and will determine how fast the world recovers and whether it’s Sustainable Development Goals are achieved or not.
Meaning of world population
The world population is defined as the total number of humans currently living in the demography. As per the estimate, total living humans on the earth to have reached 7.8 billion (780 Crore) as of March 2020.
The objective of World Population Day is to expand awareness among the people on various population issues such as the significance of reproductive health, family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health, and rights of humans. Dr. K. C. Zachariah, the then as Sr Demographer at the world bank, recommended observing the day to check the rising population.
The Theme of World Population Day 2020
United Nations decided the theme as “How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls now” for ‘World Population Day’ in the year 2020. Many important issues such as family planning, reproductive health, and mental health have taken a backseat as medical resources have been stretched due to the pandemic.
Celebration of World Population Day
World population day is celebrated at the international level by combining a variety of activities and events to draw consideration of masses to work together on the issues of the growing population. There are main issues such as, how we can control the population and how we can stop population explosion in certain territories.
Why is the population in India exploding?
These are the reasons why India is so populated. In India, the fertility rate is much higher compared to other countries although it has been falling due to the population policies and other measures. With the rapid advancement in medical sciences, the death rate has fallen which has safeguarded the population growth. India must exercise measures to control its population otherwise all its natural resources will become short and disproportionate.
Population scenario in the World 2020
An estimate figure 1.94 billion young people under 15 years old with 1.0 billion boys and 0.94 billion girls. 4.80 billion people between 15 and 64 years old with 2.43 billion males and 2. 37 billion females whereas 0.57 billion above 64 years old with 0.25 billion males and 0.32 billion females exist.
China is number 1 in population in the world
China is the highest population country with nearly 1.44 billion people even after exercising many population control measures. India secures the second position with 1.38 billion population. With only 50 million numbers behind, India is likely to surpass its neighbor soon.
The Vatican has the lowest population
Vatican City is a special purpose country developed to assign a nation’s head status to the pope. Its population is 1,000 (as per the 2017 census) with the smallest land occupation 0.44 square km area. Here it will be interesting for the readers to know Pope Francis, the head of the Catholic Church, is head of the sovereign of the Vatican City State. This country does not have any hospital and therefore no one can take birth here. Cardinals, diplomats, and who work and reside in the Vatican are granted citizenship.
World Population Explosion
United Nations forecast confirms that the world population will touch to a number 8 billion in 2023. The world’s population may approach to 11 billion by the end of the century (2100).
World Population Trends
The world population reached 1 billion marks in hundreds of thousands of years. But it took just another 200 years or so, to grow sevenfold. In 2011, the world population reached the 7 billion mark, and today in 2020, it jumped to about 7.7 billion. The population is expected to grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 10.9 billion in 2100.
This extraordinary growth has been driven mainly by
- Rising numbers of people surviving to reproductive age
- Complemented by major changes in fertility rates
- Expanding urbanization and
- Accelerating migration
These developments will have far-reaching consequences for generations to come.
Reasons for worldwide population rise
There are enormous changes in fertility rates and life expectancy. In the early 1970s, on average the women had 4.5 children each; by 2015, total fertility for the world had dropped to below 2.5 children per woman. In the Meantime, average global lifespans have climbed, from 64.6 years in the early 1990s to 72.6 years in 2019.
Also, the world is witnessing high levels of urbanization and fast-tracking migration. 2007 was the first year in which more people resided in urban areas than in rural areas, and by 2050 about 66 percent of the world population will be dwelling in cities.
These megatrends have far-reaching consequences. They affect economic growth, employment, income sharing, poverty, and social securities. They also influence efforts to ensure universal access to health care, education, housing, sanitation, water, food, and energy. It will be a bigger responsibility to address the needs of individuals more sustainably. The policymakers must recognize the people living on the planet in demography, their age, and the death and birth pattern.
World Population Day 2020 Quotes & Slogan
“Urgent need to control the population, nature cannot care for huge numbers of people”.
“Are you worried about the population explosion? start from yourselves”
“For a better future, let us pledge to effectively control population measures”.
“Earth is the beautiful planet to live, let it be spacious”
“Let us save our environment from over plowing of resources”
“Control the population to maintain a happy life”
“Control overpopulation to remain away from starvation”.
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