International days are reinforce to educate the public on issues of concern and to address global problems. Every year 12th June is celebrated as World Day Against Child Labour. Child labour falls in the category of crime and there is a provision of severe punishment for those who promote it. Cases of child labour are increasing continuously in the country and the world. This day is celebrated to make people aware of child labour and it highlights the rights of children to have a normal life.
UN launched the World Day Against Child Labour
In 2002, the United Nations body that regulates the world of work, the International Labour Organization (ILO), launched the World Day Against Child Labor, to stop the children used for employment.
This year have virtual campaign
Due to CoronaVirus pandemic this year, the World Day Against Child Labor is conducted as a virtual campaign and is being organized jointly with the Global March Against Child Labour and the International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labour in Agriculture (IPCCLA).
Significance of World Day Against Child Labour
- The reason June 12 is marked as Child Labour Day is to bring attention to the problem of child labour and to find ways to eradicate it or fight against it.
- The day is used to spread awareness about the harmful mental and physical problems faced by children forced into child labour, around the world.
Focus of World Day Against Child Labour 2020
World Day Against Child Labour 2020 focuses on the impact of crisis on child labour. UN’s Goal calls for an end to child labour in all its forms by 2025.
According to UN one in ten of all children worldwide are in child labor. While the number of children in child labor has declined by 94 million since 2000. 72 million of children are in hazardous work. Worldwide, about 217 million children work, many full-time.
The child labor problem is not new to India
The problem of child labor in India has been prevalent for decades. The Government of India has taken steps to end the problem of child labor. Article 23 of the Indian Constitution prohibits the employment of children in hazardous industries.
As per the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, amended in 2016 (“CLPR Act”), a “Child” is defined as any person below the age of 14, and the CLPR Act prohibits employment of a Child in any employment including as domestic help.
Children between the age of 14 and 18 are defined as “Adolescent” and the law allows adolescents to be employed except in the listed hazardous occupation and processes which include mining, inflammable substance, and explosives related work and any other hazardous process as per the Factories Act, 1948.
In 2001, an estimated 1% of all child workers, or about 120,000 children in India were in a hazardous job.
The Constitution of India prohibits child labour in hazardous industries (but not in non-hazardous industries) as a Fundamental Right under Article 24. UNICEF estimates that India with its larger population, has the highest number of labourers in the world under 14 years of age, while sub-Saharan African countries have the highest percentage of children who are deployed as child labourers. (Source: Wikipedia)
World Day Against Child Labour 2020 Theme
This year theme for World Day Against Child Labour 2020 is ‘COVID-19 – Protect children from child labour now, more than ever.’
A report by the International Labor Organization, which states that many tasks are taken from children, from preparing bricks to making mobile phone parts. In many countries, there is no minimum age to work and in countries where there is a law against child labor, they are not followed properly.
World Day Against Child Labour Quotes
“Childhood is the time to learn, not to earn”
“Every day we need to send children to school”
“It is a criminal offence to employ a Child for any work”
Spiritual leader Saint Rampal Ji’s views to eradicate child labor
Great spiritual Sant Rampal Ji says that both sons and daughters should be given equal love and education. Both should not be discriminated against and raised equally. Here all the relations are related according to karma. God has given you children, you should serve them in the same way that a servant serves his master. If we will follow the Thoughts of Sant Rampal Ji Maharaj and love children, then the entire world will be free from child labour.
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